Innovation in Environment is an Opportunity to Start Today and Save Tomorrow.
India is country which has an incredible potential to become one of the leading hubs for innovation, research and development. The intellectual property rights are also assessed to have a huge growth potential in the current context specially with respect to Environmental means. Whereas, India has proven its endurance and also emerged as one of the fastest growing economy across the globe with slogans like “Creative India: Innovative India”, “Make in India”, etc. Lately, we have seen a paradigm shift towards acceptance of high quality and value-added ideas and innovations in many sectors, be it agriculture or any other environmental move, etc. My main aim here is to highlight the need of Intellectual Property Rights in the Environmental Innovations and to Protect the Interest Inventors along with the Protection of Environment.
Intellectual Property Rights in India are growing as a strategic business tool for any business organization or even for an individual to enhance its competitiveness and it helps to maintain the work of the individual or any organisation of its own. Intellectual Property provides exclusive rights to the inventor of the respective Idea or Property, which enables them to reap benefits emanating from the innovative idea or design and also makes the inventor feel secure about the same. It may provide a sort of granted monopoly for a period but there is always a scope for the similar idea. In India, 21st Century has been the era of innovations, and the emergences of the laws associated with it gives the idea which inspires innovators to come up with innovations and new ideas and it also provides an added advantage of safety from competitors and cloners.
The relationship between Intellectual Property Rights and the Environment: The global warming is increasing at the rapid rate and we all need to realise the importance of our contribution towards the environment. It is the need of an hour for us to rethink about all our moves and contribute to save earth. During these times, there are some organisations or individuals who come up with the great ideas of saving the environment. Whereas some comes up with new techniques and innovations to have a greener future or cleaner alternatives to legacy of fossil fuels based on better and more sustainable food and natural resource management systems. Here we feel the importance od Intellectual Property Rights to support the work of these inventors and to take up their ideas to support the society. There is a need to maintain balance between the Robust Intellectual Property System which can support the growth of a greener system that is in relation to the earth’s life support system.
The patent system fosters the innovation or the development and the diffusion of eco-friendly technologies that enables tackling of the climate crisis and build a green future, which is in context to how design thinking and design rights together support the optimal use of resources and enable designers to invest their time and talent in creating useful, attractive and eco-friendly products for consumers. The concept of trademarks support the emergence and growth of businesses or ideas built on principles of environmental sustainability, enabling them to offer a broader range of eco-friendly products and services.
The best of Innovative Green Ideas in India
The India has the best of the minds along with the hard working people and we have witnessed a lot of remarkable innovations. I would like to highlight some of them here as:
- There is solar power vending van for farm produce has been going around in the areas of Karnataka during the COVID-19 crisis.
- The IIT Kharagpur students designed a passive solar water wall using the concept of a water sink which are efficient choices by architects while building sustainable homes and buildings as they are highly economical and produce no CFCs or carbon dioxide.
- Monish Siripurapu, an architect at Ant Studio, a design firm in New Delhi, thought of the problem and wanted to create a low-tech air cooling system, he came up with the idea of using terracotta for creating a zero-energy, low-tech terracotta air conditioner.
- Agri-waste management in rural farms has always been a great task in urban cities,while in villages, it is totally neglected. The garbage and agriculture waste either ends up piled on the roads or burnt carelessly, which is harmful to all. This leads to a lot of pollution but they couldn’t have a solution as there is no proper solid waste management system in place. When there is a lot of agro-waste being generated in farms, the solution was taken out by Young innovator named Darshil Panchal who created briquetting machine to manage agriculture waste in rural areas. 
This is the Indian Company which was started by the two IIT students who came across the invention of the sanitary naps for women, by the help of banana fibre. It was probably not the first time when the sanitary napkins were invented to be made by the environment friendly products but it was also made through economical materials and made easy for disposal. These were also reusable and were friendly not only to the environment but also women and their health. They not only stopped here but also took out other device as the roll on for periods pain relief and helping women to stand and pee. There also comes a point, that women stand and pee when in need so there a hygiene benefit to both women and environment. So, here comes in the Intellectual Property Rights through which their invention and ideas should be protected along with the uniqueness of their products and the designs, they have been protected by the trademark and other various relevant laws associated with their products.
International Example: Trikke Tech. Inc., Brazil
These are the bikes which were invented by Gildo Beleski. The company manufactures and distributes lightweight, three-wheeled human-powered vehicles, which are more popular in Brazil and United States of America. They are used instead of cars for the short distances or any other basic work which in return protects the environment by saving petrol. In order to enhance the hard earned good will associated with its product and protect the technology at its core, it relies on the intellectual property system.
The company registered a trademark for Trikke as a word and a figure in one of its most profitable markets, moreover, sought to protect two of its many brands by registering a trademark for eight, as a word and figurative. In a comprehensive strategy to protect its corporate name in another large market the company applied for a trademark and it was registered as a word and a figurative at the Office of Harmonization for the Internal Market.
Furthermore, before launching full scale manufacturing for its HPV, the company took steps to protect the Intellectual Property Rights at the heart of its device by filing an international patent application for a “cambering vehicle and mechanism” via the Patent Corporation Treaty system managed by the World Intellectual Property Organization.
The main problem that I wanted to highlight is the immense need of the laws to be strict and precise. There are inventors come up with the idea and even when they are not even that big, some bigger organisations hunt their ideas and either steal them or buy those immerging ideas. The need of strict intellectual Property Rights and the education of them is needed for the Innovation and new minds to come up with the best of the content in their minds. This will not only help the environment to get better but also ease to the lifestyle of every individual present on this planet.
Therefore it is important for us to support the inventors with the help of Intellectual Property Rights like, Patents, Trademarks etc. as the choices we make today will shape our tomorrow and this is the least we could do as lawyers. We can provide them with the best of our knowledge of the laws and can help them in the legal aspects by offering the best of security to their innovations and ideas towards the greener future. The earth is our home and we need to care for it. So, I would like to conclude by saying we all should join our hands together and come forward to give our contribution to the environment in the best possible way.
About the author
Khuloos Aziz Chawla is a 4th year student of Amity law school Noida, UP.